Quarantine measures in countries across Sub-Saharan Africa

         ANGOLA

  • Angola remains closed to passenger flights until further notice.
  • Anyone arriving in Angola must present proof of a negative COVID-19 test; passengers may take the test up to eight days prior to entering the country and may be given credit for those days toward the mandatory 14-day quarantine.
  • The Angolan government has instituted a mandatory 14-day quarantine for anyone entering the country, regardless of citizenship. The Government of Angola has set up multiple quarantine sites throughout the country, including two quarantine sites just outside of the capital city of Luanda. Upon arrival in Luanda, travelers may choose between staying at one of several government-approved hotel quarantine locations (at personal expense) or a government-run quarantine center.

          GHANA

  • Ghana's air, land, and sea borders remain closed until further notice.
  • Travelers coming from countries with active transmission of COVID-19 as analyzed and designated by the Ministry of Health/ Ghana Health Service shall be in self-quarantine for 14 days. 
  •  Any individual who has been in close contact with a person confirmed to be having coronavirus disease should be self-quarantined for 14 days since the last contact with the confirmed case
  • If at any time during your 14 days of self-quarantine, you develop symptoms (fever, cough, sore throat, and difficulty in breathing), you should seek medical attention immediately by calling your designated surveillance officer.

          TANZANIA

  • Flight operations have resumed since June 2020.
  • The Government of Tanzania lifted the suspension on international flights to Tanzania and several airlines have scheduled international flights from June 2020.
  • Passengers should fill in Health Surveillance Form in the plane and submit them to Port Health authorities upon arrival.
  • All travelers arriving will be subjected to an intensive screening and where necessary COVID-19 rapid testing. Airports on entry are conducting screening and travelers with a fever are diverted to secondary for further examination.           

          MOZAMBIQUE

  • Mozambique's civil aviation authority has suspended international passenger flights until further notice.
  • The Ministry of Health (MISAU) has implemented screening at airports and other points of entry scanning the temperatures of all travelers.
  • The Mozambican Government has mandated a 14-day self-quarantine for; all arrivals, regardless of citizenship or prior travel and all persons who have had direct contact with confirmed cases or came from countries with active COVID-19 cases.
  • The government has asserted the authority to allow for real-time awareness of those in quarantine, including geo-location tools.            

    SOUTH AFRICA
  • Foreign nationals who have traveled via or are from high-risk countries continue to be restricted from entry. 
  • According to a notice published by the Minister of Home Affairs on July 3, foreign nationals who are barred from entry may apply for an exemption in writing to the Minister demonstrating exceptional circumstances. The request must include a copy of their passport and of their temporary residence visa (unless they are visa exempt or their visa was withdrawn under the COVID-19 directive). Those allowed entry will be subject to appropriate screening and quarantine.

         MALAWI

  • International flights remains suspended until further notice.
  • The Malawian government has announced increased screenings at its two international airports – Kamuzu International Airport (KIA) in Lilongwe and Chileka International Airport (CIA) in Blantyre.   The Ministry of Health has intensified its screening of incoming passengers using a questionnaire that all arriving passengers need to complete. The questionnaire requests information on recent travel history and the presence of current symptoms of COVID-19. There are health teams stationed at the arrival sections of both airports and the screening includes a thermal scanner to check body temperature at KIA.
  • Travelers who are symptomatic and have a travel history to countries with active COVID-19 cases in the preceding 14 days are taken to an isolation room at the airport for further medical investigation.
  • Travelers who are asymptomatic and have a travel history to countries with active COVID-19 are referred for self-quarantine either at home and daily check-ups for 14 days.
  • As the COVID-19 outbreak continues to evolve daily, travelers should be prepared for this list to change and for travel restrictions to be put into effect with little or no advance notice.

         NIGERIA

  • Nigeria has not yet determined a date for the resumption of international flights, according to the Minister of Aviation Hadi Sirika.
  • Persons who have arrived in Nigeria are advised to self-isolate/quarantine for 14 days and to remain in the City/State where the point of entry is located (i.e. Lagos or Abuja) for the duration of the isolation/quarantine period.
  • If not resident in Lagos or Abuja, passengers shall make arrangements for accommodation at their own cost.  Please note the Government of Nigeria will not be responsible for providing accommodation nor transportation to the place of abode.
  • Passengers will be cleared through Nigeria Immigration System’s Migrants Identification Data Analysis System (MIDAS) and their passports retained until successful completion of the 14-day self-isolation/quarantine.
  • Passengers will be given an appointment time and date to present themselves at the Sample Collection Centre located in Lagos or Abuja for a repeat COVID-19 PCR test within 72 hours of arrival.
  • Passengers must provide their full and correct address and phone number before exiting the airport.  They must comply with self-isolation/quarantine guidelines and ensure that they can be reached and located during the isolation period.
  • Persons who are unable to remain in Lagos or Abuja throughout the period of self-quarantine may return to their States of residence only after:
    • They have had their samples collected and are negative for COVID-19; and
    • They have provided public health officials their full and correct address and phone number.
  • Persons who have completed the 14 days of self-isolation/quarantine will undergo an exit interview.  Their details will be forwarded to the Nigeria Immigration Service for release of their passports.  Alternative arrangements can be made to collect passports via special delivery 


         KENYA

  • Five major airlines are set to resume flights in and out of Kenya from 1st August.
  • If any person exhibits symptoms such as cough, or fever, they should present themselves to the nearest health facility for testing. Those taken into government quarantine will not be charged a fee for their stay at the facility.
  • Medical quarantine will be extended an extra 14 days for those who test positive for COVID-19 in government quarantine facilities.
  • Government of Kenya has updated the list of approved quarantine facilities. There are nine government facilities and 55 participating hotels on the revised list.


        UGANDA


  • Air transportation of human remains into Uganda is suspended.
  • Individual should indicate to the responsible Embassy/High Commission their choice of quarantine facility in Uganda. The available choices include both public centers and private hotels. (Clients going to hotels are strongly advised to make reservations prior to traveling. Hotel check-in will only be permitted after making payments)
  • The returnee will sign and deposit with the responsible Embassy/High Commission, a commitment to undergo a minimum of 14 days quarantine in the facility which they will have chosen from the list provided and to fully comply with the National Guidelines for Quarantine in the Context of COVID-19 that are issued by the Ministry of Health of Uganda;
  • The returnees who opt to be quarantined in a private hotel will meet the cost of their own quarantine.
  • While in transit, the returnee will be required to adhere to the host country Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) for safe travel and the SOPs provided by the airline while on the plane. This may include wearing of a face mask and sanitizing as may be required.
  • quarantine period and upon presentation to the immigration office of a certificate of release from quarantine issued by the Ministry of Health. The said certificate must additionally indicate a negative test result.
  • The Ministry of Health may continue to follow up on the health of the returnee after she/he has been released from quarantine.


        MOROCCO

  • Morocco has further revised planned International operation, as Morocco extends border restriction until 10th August 2020.
  • Travelers must show negative results issued within 48 hours of departure of a PCR test and a serological test.  These two tests will be required at boarding when traveling by air.  Those who travel to Morocco by sea from France or Italy will have the choice between providing the results of their own tests when boarding or undergoing testing on the ferry. 
  • Upon arriving in Morocco, travelers will undergo a clinical examination: a temperature check and examination by a doctor.  Anyone who presents symptoms of COVID-19 will be accommodated for 7 days in dedicated structures. 
  •  All others will have to sign a declaration of voluntary isolation at home and to repeat a PCR test after 7 days, which must also prove to be negative. 

        ETHIOPIA:

  • Ethiopian airlines resumed operations on 17th July.
  • All travelers arriving at Bole International airport who can bring certificate of negative PCR SAR-CoV test done up to 72 hours before arrival to Ethiopia, will be required mandatory 14 day self-quarantine at home after giving sample upon arrival.
  • All travelers with NO certificate of negative PCR SAR-CoV test results as well as returnees will be quarantined for 7 days in the designated sites, tested, and then self-isolate for additional 7 days at home.
  • Individuals suspected for COVID-19 or who tested positive with mild or no symptoms will be asked to self-isolate at home if they have the resources, the support, are willing and fulfill the criteria.
  • Individuals who do not meet self-isolation criteria will be isolated in non-clinical facilities.

    RWANDA
  • Rwanda announced the opening of its airspace last week, allowing all airlines to kick start operations by August 1 under minimum health safety measures set by the Ministry of Health.
  • All borders are closed except to returning Rwandan citizens and legal residents though borders will reopen from 1 August.
  • If you are eligible for entry, currently you will be required to quarantine for 14 days in a Government of Rwanda healthcare facility. Guidance will change from 1 August.


SENEGAL

  • International commercial flights resumed in Senegal from July 15, 2020.
  • All travelers to Senegal over the age of two years must present an original COVID-19 test certificate showing a negative result.  The test must occur within seven days of entry into Senegal and be issued by a laboratory approved for such testing or a recognized international health organization.  Travelers transiting Senegal must also show such proof if they will be present in Senegal more than 24 hours or wish to exit the airport.
  • If unable to obtain a COVID-19 test, travelers to Senegal must submit a statement that they have no symptoms associated with COVID-19 and have not been in contact with a COVID-19 patient.  Such travelers will be required to undergo a risk assessment by airport health officials and will be required to undergo a COVID-19 test at the airport if deemed necessary by health officials.  Costs of any screening or tests are the responsibility of the traveler.  Travelers who test positive or with obvious COVID-19 symptoms must complete an additional medical form provided by airport health service personnel and may be subject to additional requirements, including quarantine, as determined by health officials.
  • All travelers to Senegal will be required to complete a passenger location form for public health officials, in accordance with recommendations from the International Civil Aviation Organization. The form will be collected on arrival. 


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