Senegal - Country Guide for Expats

Capital

Dakar

Currency

West African CFA franc (Sefa)


1 USD = 607 West African CFA 

1 INR = 7.97 West African CFA 

President

Macky Sall

Official Language 

French, wolof

Government 

President System, Unitary

Population

200 million

Time Difference to India 

Senegal is 5 hours and 30 minutes behind of India. 


Capital City- Dakar: Dakar is the capital and largest city of Senegal. It has 14 hospitals with basic health facilities but given the Dakar's population, the capital is far from having necessary infrastructure, facilities and health personnel. Also, other regions of Senegal are far from well in terms of infrastructure, facilities and health personnel. Gambia, Mali, Guinea, Mauritania are neighbour countries of Senegal.

Cultural and Social Environment: Although safer and more secure than many other West African nations, Senegal has low  rate of petty street crime, including theft, robbery, and scams but one will find that most people are friendly, welcoming, and hospitable to expatriates and non-local residents living in Senegal. There are temples, Indian restaurants, Indian supermarkets are available for expats. 

Educational Facilities: The Senegalese education system is based on its French equivalent. Education is compulsory and free up to the age of 16. According to UNESCO, an adult literacy rate of 51.9%, In contrast with other neighbouring states Senegal has a low literacy rate. Majority schools are French, only one English school is available. 

Medical Facilities: Healthcare in Senegal is of a good standard, particularly in the Dakar and other developed, urban areas. Senegal has both a public and private healthcare system available to expats working and living in the country, but it may cost heavy and expats are suggested not to take treatment in Senegal and travel to their country.

Major Industries: The main industries include food processing, mining, cement, artificial fertilizer, chemicals, textiles, refining imported petroleum, and tourism. Exports include fish, chemicals, cotton, fabrics, groundnuts, and calcium phosphate.

Political Environment: Senegal has a democratic political culture; the chief of state is the president, and the head of government is the prime minister. It has strong track record of political stability. Senegal has a mixed economic system in which the presence of the state in the economy is considerable, but there is limited private sector freedom.

Job Opportunities for Expats: Dakar is a hub for expats who come to build their career in Senegal, most of their travel and stay are organized by their employer as the cost of living independently is quite high. The Average cost of renting a house for a middle working class is about 55000-100000 (200 USD) and for food it is 55000 CFA per month (90 USD)

Keywords: private healthcare system available | neighbouring states Senegal | Senegalese education system | democratic political culture | 607 West African CFA